The Nuffield Council on Bioethics has published its report on The Culture of Scientific Ethics. The focus of the study was the ethical implications of the current culture of scientific research, focused on particular concerns: competition; funding of research; assessment of research; research integrity; and career progression and workload. Suggestions for action are summarised as follows:
- Publication of a wide range of rigorous research
- Openness and data sharing between researchers
- Use of a broad range of criteria in research assessments
- Recognition of the wider activities of researchers
- Training and recognition for peer reviewers
- Adoption of diverse funding approaches
- Clear communication of funding opportunities and assessment criteria
RESEARCH GOVERNANCE AND INTEGRITY
- Training in good research practice
- Openness about consequences of misconduct
- Adoption of appropriate ethical review processes
- Mentoring and career advice
- Adoption of employment practices that support diversity and inclusion
- Training and recognition for leaders in research
Defra has produced Biodiversity 2020: a strategy for England's wildlife and ecosystem services Indicators in December 2014, an assessment of trends of improvement and deterioration for key indicators. In summary, there are 48 individual measures that make up 24 indicators. A mixed picture of short and long term improvement and deterioration.
Papers in Science and Nature:
- Governments have a responsibility to develop and resource resilience strategies
- Governments should act together at the international level to build resilience; sharing expertise, co-ordinating policy and pooling resources to confront common risks
- To limit the need for costly disaster responses, more national and international funds will need to be directed to measures that build resilience to extreme weather
- The purpose, design and implementation of policy frameworks covering climate change, disaster risk reduction and development should be aligned and consistent regarding extreme weather
- Those who make and implement policies need to take practical measures to protect people and their assets from extreme weather.
- The risks posed by extreme weather need to be better accounted for in the wider financial system, in order to inform valuations and investment decisions and to incentivise organisations to reduce their exposure
- Information about extreme weather should be suitable for users’ needs. Funders should encourage collaborations and ongoing dialogue between producers and users of knowledge
- Research to improve the understanding of risks from current weather and to model accurately future climate change impacts should be increased to provide relevant information for decision-makers, particularly at regional and local levels.
Welcome to Policy: Science, Biodiversity and Museums
This site covers a wide range of policy issues relating to biodiversity, museums and science. It's selective and although it's a blog it is more alert than comment. John Jackson from the Natural History Museum in London maintains the site, primarily to alert colleagues and collaborators to new developments - you can use the contact link on the top right of this page. It is not an official organisational site.